Barcala X., Vinas, M., Romero, M., Gambra, E., Mendez-Gonzalez, L., Marcos, S. & Dorronsoro C.; Multifocal acceptance score to evaluate vision: MAS-2EV. Sci Rep 11, 1397 (2021). For more information, click here.
We present a new metric (Multifocal Acceptance Score, MAS-2EV) to evaluate vision with presbyopic corrections. The MAS-2EV is based on a set of images representing natural visual scenes at day and night conditions projected in far and near displays, and a near stereo target. Subjects view and score the images through different binocular corrections (monofocal corrections at far; bifocal corrections; monovision and modified monovision) administered with soft contact lenses (in cyclopleged young subjects) or with a binocular simultaneous vision simulator (in presbyopic and cyclopleged young subjects). MAS-2EV scores are visually represented in the form of polygons, and quantified using different metrics: overall visual quality, visual degradation at far, visual benefit at near, near stereo benefit, visual imbalance near-far, overall visual imbalance and a combined overall performance metric. We have found that the MAS-2EV has sufficient repeatability and sensitivity to allow differentiation across corrections with only two repetitions, and the duration of the psychophysical task (3 min for subject/condition/correction) makes it useable in the clinic. We found that in most subjects binocular bifocal corrections produce the lowest visual imbalance, and the highest near stereo benefit. 46.67% of the subjects ranked binocular bifocal corrections first, and 46.67% of the subjects ranked monovision first. MAS-2EV, particularly in combination with visual simulators, can be applied to select prospective presbyopic corrections in patients prior to contact lens fitting or intraocular lens implantation.